Monday, 31 August 2015

It's a new day, it's a new month, it's a new fee...and the feeling is

Image result for virgin islands
birds flying high, you know how I feel...
From the Virgin Island we received a follow up piece regarding the forthcoming increase in trade mark registration fees.

Katherine Van Deusen Hely writes as follows:
Beginning September 1st, 2015, the British Virgin Islands will welcome its modern new trademark regime. Along with the new laws will come new (and much increased) fees. Previously charging some of the most modest official fees in the Caribbean region, the new trademark fees will go up significantly once the new laws go into effect. For example, the new official fees for single class registrations will range from $200-250 as compared to the current fees of $15-64. Likewise, the fees for renewal will be raised from $10-40 per mark to $250 for the first class and $150 for each additional class in a multi-class registration.
Katherine Van Deusen Hely, founder of Caribbean IP, is available for any comments or questions regarding these changes. Her contact information is below:

Caribbean IP
Katherine Van Deusen Hely, P.L.L.C.
224 Datura Street, Suite 513
West Palm Beach, FL 33401
T: (561) 283-1800
E: Katherine@Caribbean-IP.com
W: www.Caribbean-IP.com

Thursday, 20 August 2015

Protección judicial a la Denominación de Origen “Champagne” en Colombia


En el que es el primer caso judicial en la historia de Colombia relacionado con la infracción de una Denominación de Origen protegida (DOP), la Superintendencia de Industria y Comercio (SIC) ha concluido, preliminarmente, que el utilizar expresiones como “Champaña” y “sabor artificial de Champaña”, en productos que no provengan de la provincia francesa de Champagne (Terroir Champagne), es un acto que infringe los derechos de propiedad industrial derivados de la DOP “Champagne”.

El caso en cuestión deriva de una solicitud de medidas cautelares instaurada por el Comité Interprofessionnel Du Vin de Champagne en contra de la empresa colombiana Vinos de la Corte por el uso no autorizado de la DOP “Champagne”.

Los vinos espumosos identificados por la demandante con la denominación ‘Champaña’ provienen del municipio colombiano de Santander de Quilichao (Cauca) y no de Francia.

De momento la SIC ha ordenado a la demandada, como medida cautelar, abstenerse inmediatamente de utilizar expresiones como “Champagne”, “Champaña”, o “sabor artificial Champaña”, así como a retirar inmediatamente cualquier aviso, publicidad o comunicación pública de dichas expresiones en sus productos.  

Hecho que, viendo la página web de la demandada, aún no se ha cumplido.

Estaremos siguiendo de cerca este  asunto pues el mismo resulta muy interesante y relevante para ver cómo se protegen, y respetan, las indicaciones geográficas y denominaciones de origen protegidas de terceros países.

Más información directamente en el comunicado publicado por la Superintendencia aquí.

Wednesday, 19 August 2015

Cut & Paste: plagiarism in the faith

Reading one of the main Peruvian newspaper ‘El Comercio’ I became aware of a debate among religious, academics, newspapers, blogs and the like that is occurring in the country. The debate is around copyright and the idea/expression dichotomy regarding teaching a religious faith.

Background
Image result for cardinal
A proper cardinal: are you talking to me?
Several times Lima's Roman Catholic archbishop, Cardinal Juan Luis Cipriani has written a column in the newspaper ‘El Comercio’. Last week a blog called ‘utero.pe’, which is about religious experience, noted that Cardinal Cipriani has plagiarized his writings in the newspaper. The allegation was that Lima's archbishop included six paragraphs from the book Communio by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (Pope Benedict). When this accusation was published the readers started a wish hunt! And many has taken the trouble to go through the Cardinals’ newspaper writings and placed into the google search box…and …yep…the results have shown several writings (whole paragraphs) that have been taken from other sources and have not being properly attributed to their authors (screen shots can be seen here).

Cardinal Cipriani then took the time to apologise for not having mentioned his sources but continue to say that popes do not have intellectual property rights over their words since they are part of the “heritage of the faith”. Here is where the debate has been quite heated because of this idea/dichotomy that exist in copyright. Ideas as such are not protected and thus the teaching by popes are indeed part of the heritage of the faith. Giving an example, my teaching comes part of the legacy of the alumni and they are free to use those teaching – teaching is a learning tool. However, another matter and quite contrary to what has been claimed in this debate is that there is not property right on the teaching. In my example as said, the teaching is a learning tool but another issue would be to record the teaching (audio or verbatim) and copy it and pass it as if it were coming as their own. The latter is what happen in the newspaper column. What Cardinal Cipraini was doing was not using the idea but the expression of it – indeed a copyright infringement. For example:
Art 42 of the Peruvian Copyright Law says “Lectures given either in public or in private by the lecturers of universities, higher institutes of learning and colleges may be annotated and collected in any form by those to whom they are addressed, provided that no person may disclose them or reproduce them in either a complete or a partial collection without the prior written consent of the authors.”
Cardinal Cipriani even suggested that because of the type of column he was writing, there was not space for indicating the source. And this misconception is followed by others that have taking the social media to say that because it is different when you write a book, or academic paper, or a column in a newspaper Cardinal was right not to acknowledge the sources. There is indeed exception to quotations for copyrighted material such as reviewing or criticism. However in the present case the Cardinal used the quotations to impart a teaching – the quotes were neither reviewed nor criticised. And even in this legal exception such quotes need to be fairly used.
Art 44 of the Peruvian Copyright Law says “It shall be permissible to make quotations from lawfully disclosed works without the author’s consent or payment of remuneration, subject to the obligation to state the name of the author and the source, and to the condition that such quotations are made in accordance with proper practice and only to the extent justified by the aim pursued.”
However note that there is another exception that can be thought of which is enclosed in Art 43 Copyright Law as follows:
 “With regard to works that have already been lawfully disclosed, the following shall be permitted without the author’s consent:(a) reproduction by reprographic means, for teaching or the holding of examinations at educational institutions, provided that there is no gainful intent and to the extent justified by the aim pursued, of articles or brief extracts from lawfully published works, on condition that the use made of them is consistent with proper practice, involves no sale or other transaction for consideration and has no direct or indirect profit-making purpose;”
Indeed, imparting the info disclosed by the Cardinal may have not needed ‘authorization by the author or payment of any remuneration’ (even though he was not imparting the teaching in an educational institution) BUT it was not exempt from the obligation to state the name of the author and the source. Even in the 'space' given in the column there was still the need to accommodate the paragraph with ‘quotations’ marks and to put in brackets the author for example Pope VI or Pope Benedict.

Image result for quotes plagiarismFinally, an issue that has not been debated is the issue of moral rights which the Peruvian law also regulates under Chapter II of the Copyright Law. In this case the right infringed was the ‘rights of authorship’ also known as the ‘paternity right’.


Due to this debate and the assertion by the Cardinal that he did use the writings of former popes without attributing them, the newspaper El Comercio made the decision to delete two articles by the cardinal and said it would not publish him again. This measure could have been taken due to the fact that Art 218 (c) of the Criminal Code establishes a penalty of either imprisonment or a fine when knowing that the copy or reproduction is illicit, it still distributes the said copy/reproduction to the public by any medium, or stores it.

Monday, 17 August 2015

'I decide, I respect': educating younger generations to appreciate IP

The Peruvian IP Office (INDECOPI) reports than during 2013 and 2014, “a total of 50,000 students from various public and private schools of Peru received didactic training on the protection of copyright thanks to the educational program ‘I decide, I respect: rejection to smuggling and respect for intellectual property’”.

The program
Image result for commercial which shows someone stealing a purse compare to piracyThe educational program is dedicated to students in their 4th and 5th year of secondary school. It aims to teach teenagers to appreciate, value and respect intellectual property and thus, reject piracy. By raising awareness the talks covers “the scope of copyright and the contribution of creativity and cultural industries to the country’s economic development.”

The program is supported by INDECOPI, as part of the Commission to Combat Piracy and Customs Crimes (CLCDAP). It involves designating key speakers who participate in the educational talks. Therefore, as INDECOPI has seen a success of this program, it has decided that by 2015 it would continue to impart more talks to more than 30,000 students nationwide. In fulfilling this goal, it reports that “during the first half of this year has managed to train 14,162 students, accounting for 47.20% of projections.”

The program goes in line with several campaigns brought by the INDECOPI in regards to the protection of intellectual property in general. Indeed, there is no point to have legislations in place when the society is not aware of what actually is protected, what and why it is wrong. I remember several years ago, in the era of hiring DVDs [cannot remember if I actually watched it on cinemas], a very powerful advertising called “You wouldn't steal a car...You wouldn't steal a handbag... Piracy. It's a crime.” The advertising indeed was making the audience aware of not just the issue (downloading movies) but actually what the crime was and comparing it to more visual situations such as stealing a car or a bag. Particularly I believe that the culture of a country plays a crucial role.

In previous posts I have indicated my astonishment when wanting to purchase a CD in my country and could not do so. In 2013 while visiting family members in Venezuela I wanted to bring back some CDs with traditional music and the only music shop that I could find (in a very nice shopping mall) was someone with a table placed in a corridor selling well presented CDs with covers but were actually not original. Of course, the streets are full of the so-called ‘informal marketplace’, fitted tight with tents and tables selling textiles, pirated music and films, electronics and all the likes. How do you combat piracy, when it appears to be the ‘normal’ economy of a country? I strongly believe that a well-educated society (in all aspect of life) is fundamental. SO well done Peru! every little helps.

Friday, 14 August 2015

MOVISTAR demanda por el "vomistar" de WOM

En marketing dicen que no hay publicidad mala, lo importante es que hablen de ti. Y eso parece ser que está pasando con WOM.

Movistar Chile interpuso una demanda en contra de la empresa de telecomunicaciones WOM (Nextel S.A.), a quien acusa de competencia desleal y trato peyorativo a su marca y al resto de la industria.

La demanda interpuesta por Telefónica Móviles Chile S.A. (Movistar) en el 16º Juzgado Civil de Santiago de Chile (rol C-14687) se basa en que la demandada en su campaña para entrar al mercado chileno ha hecho referencia directa a algunos de sus competidores en el mercado de la telefonía móvil utilizando slogans y frases publicitarias de fácil recordación que, o deforman las marcas de los competidores para ridiculizarlos, denigrarlos o desprestigiarlos, o utilizan estas marcas para hacer juegos de palabras, o como dice la demanda, "parafrasean frases usadas en campañas que alguna vez fueron desplegadas por otras empresas del sector".

En ese contexto general, Movistar basa su demanda en que la publicidad utilizada por WOM utiliza la siguiente frase (considerada como acto material público y notorio):

"Que al navegar no te den ganas de vomistar. Prepárate. WOM".

La demanda agrega que WOM está tratando de “desviar clientes sin tener que realizar inversiones, innovación ni esfuerzo comercial alguno, como corresponde a una libre y sana competencia […] Los nuevos inversionistas que tomaron el control de la compañía demandada, no previeron que llegaban a un país serio, dotado de legislaciones e instituciones que resguardan el correcto y sano funcionamiento de los mercados, y en el que no se permiten atentados a la libre competencia ni a la necesaria lealtad y buena fe que debe informar las relaciones entre competidores”.

Movistar funda su demanda en el artículo quinto de la ley 20.169 ejerciendo las cuatro acciones que dispone la norma: cesación o prohibición del acto, declaración del acto como competencia desleal, remoción de los efectos e indemnización de perjuicios por daño moral o extra patrimonial por 40.000 UF ( 1.500.000 euros aproximadamente).

Las frases usadas en la campaña de entrada que tuvo WOM en Chile hace un par de meses geneneraron además una demanda de Claro y también Movistar, en el Tribunal del Consejo de Autorregulación de Ética Publicitaria (Conar).

Por su parte, Wom en su contestación estimó “inconcebible” la deslealtad concurrencial pues no se puede pensar en ser competencia de Movistar, debido a la alta concentración de tres actores (Movistar, Entel y Claro), quienes poseen más del 90% del mercado actual. Al que le quepa el sayo que se lo ponga.

Fuente: www.pjud.cl (rol C-14687/ 16º JL Civil Santiago)