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Call for WIPO Indigenous Fellowship Program

This post was first published on The IPKat blog:

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is calling for Expression of Interest for its Indigenous Fellowship Program. 

The program was launched in 2009. It is part of WIPO’s series initiatives seeking to involve indigenous people in the work carried out by the organization with the goal, inter alia, of fostering legal expertise and skills within indigenous people on matters that are relevant to them. 

Requirements 

An applicant must be an active member of an indigenous community, hold a university degree or equivalent education, have experience in indigenous matters and organizations, and be able to work in English. 

As well, relevant publications and a capability in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian or Spanish, are advantages. 

The Program 

The fellowship will take place at WIPO’s Traditional Knowledge Division in Geneva. The program starts on 1 June 2020 and is for a one-year period that is renewable for an additional year. Travel expenses and a monthly stipend will be covered. 

A fellow in the program will participate in relevant activities related to indigenous matters within WIPO’s Division framework, such as: 

  • Contributing and participating in the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (the IGC) and related meetings. 
  • Assisting in undertaking activities related to the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. 
  • Researching and drafting WIPO documents for raising public awareness. 

Expression of Interest along with a CV must be sent to grtkf@wipo.int, by post or fax, before Sunday 23 February 2020, midnight (Geneva time). More information here

Credit: WIPO’s picture, available here

Brazil: A sweet ending

 

The Brazilian IPO (INPI) left
2019 with a sweet Geographical Indication (GI).

The INPI published on the Revista da Imóvel Industrial (RPI) nº 2554, December 2019, the granting of ‘Capanema’ for the product ‘melado batido e melado escorrido’. The word ‘melado’ means syrup and in this publication, we learn that the syrup is for both ‘beat’ and ‘drained’. The syrup is produced by the use of muscovado sugar from cane sugar, also known as ‘brown cane sugar’.

The defined geographical area is located in the municipality of Capanema, Paraná. Capanema currently has 8 agro-industries and 16 sugar cane producers. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, they produce 400 tons of sugar cane per year and nine thousand kilograms of ‘melado’ per month. The GI was granted on behalf of the Associação de Turismo Doce Iguassu.

This registration becomes the 8th for Paraná.

An early Christmas present: Collectives Marks *for free*

 
The Peruvian Instituto Nacional de Defensa de la Competencia y de la Proteccion de la Propiedad Intelectual (INDECOPI) has granted 164 collective marks to associations located in the Region of San Martin benefiting several localities in the Region such as: Tocache, Shunte, Nueva Bambamarca, Nuevo Progreso, Moyobamba, Lamas, Bellavista, Rioja, Nueva Cajamarca, Juanjuí, San José de Sisa, Chazuta, Shanao, Tarapoto y Yurimaguas. The producers and artisans benefited by the marks were based on cocoa, coffee, ceramics, textiles, and the tourism sector.

The project/incentive
In accordance with the Decreto Supremo No. 092-2018 / PCM, in force since September 5, 2018, till September 5, 2019, the fee for the registration applications of collective marks which were presented by associations of producers, artisans, among others, from across the country, would be waved.

Moreover, through the Center for Intellectual Property Development (CEPI) the producers and artisans received advice ‘on the classification of products to distinguish, search and evaluate registration records, filling of forms, review of the requirements, among other important advice.’ Other state entities were also of assistance.

The full list can be found here (in Spanish)

México – Ley de Salvaguardia contra plagio a Culturas Indígenas y Afromexicanas

El principal objetivo de la denominada Ley de Salvaguardia de los Conocimientos, Cultura e Identidad de los Pueblos y Comunidades Indígenas y Afromexicanos es evitar el plagio de obras, artesanías, prendas típicas, artículos, entre otros, y garantizar su cultura e identidad nacional.

Según el Dictamen de las Comisiones "la salvaguardia se entiende como el conjunto de medidas de carácter jurídico, técnico, administrativo y financiero para la preservación y enriquecimiento de los elementos de la cultura e identidad de los pueblos y comunidades (...) que incluyen, entre otras acciones, la identificación, documentación, investigación, protección, promoción, valorización, transmisión y revitalización de esos elementos".

La iniciativa surgió en respuesta a la “laguna jurídica” que existe y facilita que personas ajenas a las comunidades indígenas y afromexicanas se apropien de las expresiones culturales de dichos grupos sin hacer ninguna retribución a cambio. Entre 2012 y 2019, se registraron 39 casos de plagio de al menos 23 marcas de ropa nacionales e internacionales que se han apropiado de diseños de comunidades indígenas.

La nueva ley define como "inalienables, indivisibles e imprescriptibles los derechos colectivos de propiedad de los pueblos y comunidades, respecto de sus conocimientos, cultura e identidad y de las manifestaciones materiales que de ella deriven". Entre los objetos protegidos se contemplan artesanías y prendas típicas, así como el patrimonio intelectual (tradiciones, prácticas, etc.).

Se prevé la aplicación de sanciones para aquellos que reproduzcan, copien o imiten los elementos de los pueblos indígenas sin autorización, así como para quien utilice o aproveche –con fines de lucro y sin autorización– elementos de la cultura e identidad de los pueblos y comunidades indígenas. Las sanciones van de multa económicas hasta prisión de 3 a 10 años.

A partir de la página 102 se puede consultar el texto de la Ley de Salvaguardia.

Estaremos pendientes de la aprobación final de la ley y de su correspondiente publicación en el Diario Oficial de la Federación.


* Créditos: imagen extraída de SinEmbargo.

Latest news from Brazil

 

Over the weekend, I read that the last week of November the Brazilian Instituto Nacional da Propriedade Industrial (INP) signed two essential Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).

1. INPI and the European Patent Office (EPO) MoU was based on an Enhanced Technical and Strategic Partnership aims to improve cooperation between Brazil and Europe in the area of patents. The time frame of the MoU is a two-year work plan which is agreed between the two institutions.
INPI’s president declared the memorandum as an important piece which will ‘stimulate investment in innovation and industrial property, focusing on the generation of new patents, especially in partnership.’
Both offices also renewed their Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) pilot program among their respective offices. 
More information here.

2. INPI and the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) signed the Patent Prosecution pilot project Highway (PPH). This will take effect on December 1, 2019. http://www.inpi.gov.br/noticias/inpi-assina-novo-pph-com-o-escritorio-americano
PPHs do promote work-sharing by, for example, enabling patent applicants ‘to request accelerated processing in the national phase, where patent examiners can make use of the work products from the other Office(s).’ 

In the meantime, the EU keeps negotiating with Brazil  as part of the negotiation with Mercosur (Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and Brazil are members of this regional trade bloc). 
Brazil represents an important market to both, the US and Europe. For instance, by 2016, Brazil was placed as the largest economy from Latin America making 30.8% of the EU’s total trade with the region. Likewise, by 2018, Brazil was the US’s 9th largest good export market. 


Impacto económico de las marcas en América Latina


ASIPI e INTA acaban de publicar el informe “Las marcas en América Latina: Estudio de su impacto económico en 10 países de la región”. Este informe es una extensión del informe previamente publicado en el 2016.

En ese primer informe, se evaluó la contribución económica de las industrias intensivas en marcas en Chile, Colombia, Perú, Panamá, y México. En este nuevo informe, se actualizan los resultados de los citados países y se extendió el análisis a cinco nuevos países: Argentina, Brasil, Costa Rica, Guatemala y República Dominicana.

Los resultados elaborados muestran que las actividades intensivas en marcas tienen una participación significativa en términos de empleo, actividad económica y comercio exterior en las economías de los países latinoamericanos bajo estudio. En promedio, estas actividades aportan el 18% del empleo, el 22% del Producto Bruto Interno, el 31% de las exportaciones y el 34% de las importaciones.

Además, los sectores intensivos en marcas pagan salarios más altos que el resto de la economía, lo que denota su mayor productividad. La comparación internacional permitió mostrar que esos resultados son semejantes a los disponibles para los Estados Unidos y la Unión Europea, tomando en cuenta las diferencias entre los patrones de producción y desarrollo de ambos grupos de países.

El estudio completo puede consultarse aquí (en español). El resumen ejecutivo se puede consultar en español, inglés y portugués. La información por país está disponible aquí.

Brazil: Madrid Protocol in practice

 
This week, the Brazilian Intellectual Property Office (INPI) published the first process for international applications of trade marks.

It is observed, that the exam integrates the new activities performed by INPI, including electronic filing and the transmission of the international application at the WIPO International Secretariat.
This publication remarks on the variations observed during the Madrid Protocol certification exam. Thus, the Industrial Property Magazine (RPI) in its ‘trade mark’ section includes now a chapter called: Protocol of Madrid.

INPI also reports that its national office has received a request for an international trade mark application. This has already been sent to WIPO through a very efficient and speedy process since it was done within twenty days, which is less than one-third of the deadline set for this step (two months is the set time).

The spet by step guidance published by INPI can be found here (in Portuguese)

More info here (in Portuguese)

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