Welcome to our blog for Intellectual Property Law and Practice in Latin America!
¡Bienvenidos a nuestro blog de Derecho y Práctica de la Propiedad Intelectual en Latinoamérica!
Bem-vindo ao nosso blog sobre Direito e Prática de Propriedade Intelectual na América Latina!

Monday, 18 October 2021

Patricia Covarrubia

Collective Marks - a follow up

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From Argentina our friend (member of the IPTango community) Claudio Iglesias Darriba writes:

In Argentina, since 2008, the Collective Trademark Act (Law 26.355) provides that the registration of collective trademarks is free of charge before the Argentinian Instituto Nacional de la Propiedad Intellectual INPI (art. 14). In addition, it provides that oppositions against these trademarks pay double the tariff provided for common commercial trademarks (art. 10).

Aside, the Act contains an advanced provision for its time: it provides for the possibility of filling a collective mark through the multi-class system. This is because it was not until the 29th March 2019, that the Argentinian Government issued Decree No. 242/19 regulating provisions of the amended Trademark Law opened the possibly to file “multi-class” trademark applications in Argentina.  

In accordance to the Act, collective marks are defined as those signs that distinguish products and/or services made or provided by associative forms aimed at the development of the social economy. (art. 1) In addition, the Law’s Regulatory Decree (Decree 1384/2008), provides that collective marks are applied to indications of cultural, ethnic, historical, anthropological origin and any other that serves for the better differentiation of products and services. (art. 1) 

A friendly hand
by Jesús Dehesa 
The Collective Trademark Act establishes that the Ministry of Social Development must provide free and specialized assistance during the registration procedures for collective trademarks (art. 15). Besides,  according to the Law, the ministry together with the National Institute of Industrial Technology, and the National Institute of Agricultural Technology, shall facilitate access to quality programs, training and technical assistance for holders and users of collective trademarks, which ensure better processes and products, and better socio labour conditions (art 16). 

The numbers - applications 
These figures developed strongly since 2009, reaching more than 350, both urban and rural, until 2016, when a change in government administration led to a decrease in its use as an instrument of social promotion. Yet INPI confirmed that there are 718 collective marks and the last one recorded was in 2018. Currently, they are expected to resume their boom with the arrival of the new government authorities. 

Collective Marks - a tool
Every year, Las Huellas del Vino, a well-known collective trademark from the city of Lavalle (in the Province of Mendoza) organises an international event attended by dozens of homemade wine makers and hundreds of people (more info here, and this 'From Mendoza to the world: Lavalle exports its know how about homemade wine' here

Thanks Claudio for this insight . IPTango members, is this something that is  happening in your jurisdiction? I remember Ecuador also run a project like this for national geographical indications (GI)- any one else out there? 

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Tuesday, 12 October 2021

Patricia Covarrubia

Peru on Collective Marks: aiming to create a link among communities

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Searching on the Peruvian Instituto Nacional de Defensa de la Competencia y de la Propiedad Intellectual (Indecopi)

webpage, I noticed that one of the most popular events and campaigns have been on ‘collective marks’. I was curious indeed, and perhaps to learn more on the trend I clicked on the news – to my surprise I became overwhelm by the great job that the IP office is doing. As a starting point, they have friendly videos covering what a collective mark is, and how they can be an instrument of economic value but crucial to my later discussion, associations. 

Then, it is good to see that since December 2020, Indecopi eliminated the fees for the registration of collective marks. A report published by Indecopi shows how the registration of this type of marks has blossomed. For instance in the 90s and until 2017 there were 236 marks, while during 2017 and 2019 there were 4,442 registrations. The report also notes how women are leading on this type of projects especially in the artisanal sector. [here and here] A remark that I could not miss was to see collective marks for traditional handicrafts and thus, promoting cultural identity and the diversity of national flora and fauna. 

QR Code

I also note with content the use of QR for the collective marks registered. Such QR Code allows “consumers to quickly obtain information related to the characteristics of the product, its history, the association that markets them, its members, the commercial contact information, in which market the products are traded, etc.” Indecopi permanently updates such information. 

Associations – what is the fuzz, if any? 

Collective marks are used by a collective group to distinguish a good or service (a product) from others that do not form part of such collective group. The pre-phase recognition or granting of such marks, invites the members to group the producers. Usually, as in the case of the collective marks recently registered, come from groups and communities where there are fewer resources. Therefore, the establishment of an association of producers is one of the crucial steps taking by the group and or communities. While this may sound easy, the first challenge is how to motivate the community to join a ‘group’. In addition, to build and follow membership rules. At the end, the goal is to have a harmonious group. How to find such balance? A recommendation would be by producing codes of conduct and practices early on the conversation, that is the pre-phase, but also that the guidelines should be feasible so can be used in the post recognition-phase, that is, after the collective mark is granted. Aside from the association been built to organize and prepare a collective mark, the idea goes far from this. Associations help a group to be and feel part of a community – creating a sense of belonging, and to work on the same aim, that of protection, as in the case of traditional knowledge, preserving cultural heritage.
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Monday, 11 October 2021

IPTango

C-IP2‘s Virtual 2021 Annual Fall Conference: Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property


The Center for Intellectual Property x Innovation Policy (C-IP2) at George Mason University will hold the Virtual 2021 Annual Fall Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property from 13 to 14 October 2021.

The C-IP2‘s Virtual 2021 Annual Fall Conference will address “the current state of AI, what is coming soon, the current laws regarding the protection of AI and IP, and what is necessary to keep pace with technology”.

This year, the conference is structured around the forthcoming edited volume Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and Artificial Intelligence (Professor Ryan Abbott, ed). Some of the authors will provide insights into their chapters at the event.

The program covers the following topics:

  • Panel 1: Artificial Intelligence – Challenges and Controversies
  • Panel 2: The Economics of Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property
  • Panel 3: Artificial Intelligence in the Life Sciences
  • Panel 4: Owning AI and Protecting AI Output
  • Panel 5: Trademark Law and Artificial Intelligence
  • Panel 6: Tech Policy in Artificial Intelligence

The keynote speakers are Grimes and Jaron Lanier, participating in a fireside chat moderated by Professor Sean M. O’Connor (C-IP2).

The speakers are from academia and industry, including Dr Ryan Abbott (University of Surrey), Professor Daniel J. Gervais (Vanderbilt Law School), Professor Sonia Katyal (Berkeley Center for Law and Technology), Professor Arti K. Rai (Duke University School of Law), Professor Daryl Lim (Center for Intellectual Property, Information & Privacy Law), Dennis Crouch (University of Missouri School of Law), Dr Anke Moerland (Maastricht University), Dr Harbir Antil (CMAI), Charles Kim (USPTO), Ian Slotin (NBCUniversal), Corey Salsberg (Novartis), and Trevor Cook (WilmerHale). Review here the complete list of speakers and moderators.

The event will be held via Zoom (Eastern Daylight Time Zone). Register now here!

More information is available here.

The image is courtesy of C-IP2.

Update: The registration is closed. Panel recordings will be available here in due course.
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Wednesday, 6 October 2021

IPTango

Encounter 16: Protecting Domain Names in a Worldwide Context


On 14 October 2021, FIDE (Legal and Business Research Foundation) and TIPSA (Transatlantic Intellectual Property Academy) will hold the Encounter 16: Protecting Domain Names in a Worldwide Context.

The panellists are Malcolm Bain (Across Legal) and Caroline Berube (HJM Asia Law). Joe Sekhon (University of Portsmouth) will moderate the session.

The suggested readings and the report on the session will be available on the Global Digital Encounters (GDE) website as time goes by.

The Encounter is offered free of charge, but registration is required. Register here now!

If you missed previous Encounters or you want to watch them again, click here.

Credit: The image is courtesy of FIDE.
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Saturday, 2 October 2021

IPTango

WIPO: Third Session on Closing the Gender Gap in Intellectual Property


The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) will hold the third session on Closing the Gender Gap in Intellectual Property on 12 October 2021.

The online event is part of a series of sharing sessions in light of WIPO initiatives around Gender Equality, Diversity and Intellectual Property. As announced here, the first session took place in April 2021.

The third session theme is 'Looking at good practices' to close the gender gap in Intellectual Property.

The program “will look at good practices in IP service delivery, design and analysis by various stakeholders, in order to enhance women’s participation and contribution to the IP ecosystem”.

Panellists are representatives from the Mexican Institute of Industrial Property (IMPI), the Innovation & Technology Transfer Center (Sultan Qaboos University, Oman), the organization Grooming a Successful Woman with Intellectual Mind (GSWIM, Uganda), and IP Inclusive (United Kingdom). You can review here the full program and the list of speakers.

The event will be held in English, but interpretation in French and Spanish will be provided. The session is free of chargeRegister here!

Review here more information about the third session, and here about the first and second sessions.

Source: WIPO newsletter.

Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay.
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Monday, 20 September 2021

Verónica Rodríguez Arguijo

El Índice Mundial de Innovación de 2021: Latinoamérica y el Caribe


Hoy se anunció la publicación de la 14ª edición del Índice Mundial de Innovación (GII, por sus siglas en inglés). Publicado desde 2007, el GII ha sido una fuente útil de análisis para medir la innovación.

El GII de 2021 fue publicado por la Organización Mundial de la Propiedad Intelectual (OMPI), en colaboración con el Instituto Portulans y sus asociados corporativos.

El GII de 2021 contiene la más reciente clasificación mundial de innovación de 132 economías, basándose en 81 indicadores. El tema del informe de este año es el Seguimiento de la innovación durante la crisis de la COVID-19.
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Monday, 13 September 2021

IPTango

UTP y ASIPI: Tercera Edición del Moot Court de Propiedad Intelectual


La Universidad Tecnológica del Perú (UTP) y la Asociación Interamericana de la Propiedad Intelectual (ASIPI) publicaron la convocatoria de la tercera edición del Moot Court de Propiedad Intelectual.

Los equipos podrán integrarse por un mínimo de 2 a un máximo de 6 participantes, mayores de 18 años, que sean alumnos de pregrado o hayan egresado hace un año (como máximo) de diferentes Universidades de Perú u otros países.

Los equipos podrán contar con un entrenador, quien los guiará durante la competencia.

El premio para el primer lugar consiste en sesiones de mentoría y 2 000 dólares americanos. Mientras que el segundo lugar obtendrá sesiones de mentoría.

La fecha límite para inscribirse es el 30 de septiembre de 2021.

Consulta aquí el reglamento del Moot Court, aquí el caso y aquí la normativa aplicable.

Más información aquí.

Imagen de succo en Pixabay.
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Saturday, 4 September 2021

IPTango

IIJ UNAM: Seminario Permanente de Propiedad Intelectual 2021-2


El 22 de septiembre de 2021 se llevará a cabo la primera sesión del Seminario Permanente de Propiedad Intelectual (SEPEPI) 2021-2, organizado por el Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas (IIJ) de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM).

El tema de la primera sesión del SEPEPI es Derecho de autor e inteligencia artificial. El ponente es Dr. Fredy Forero (CERLALC). El evento se transmitirá en vivo en la página de Facebook del IIJ UNAM.

El Seminario Permanente de Propiedad Intelectual (SEPEPI) tiene cuatro años funcionando y las grabaciones de las ediciones anteriores están disponibles en la videoteca (de acceso libre) del IIJ UNAM.

Consulta aquí más información sobre las próximas sesiones del SEPEPI 2021-2.

Crédito: Imagen disponible en el sitio web del Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas (IIJ) de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), consultado el 4 de septiembre de 2021.
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Tuesday, 31 August 2021

IPTango

Encounter 15, Towards a more predictable legal framework for cross-border intellectual property disputes: the ILA-Kyoto Guidelines


On 8 September 2021, FIDE (Legal and Business Research Foundation) and TIPSA (Transatlantic Intellectual Property Academy) will hold the Encounter 15, Towards A More Predictable Legal Framework For Cross-Border Intellectual Property Disputes: The ILA-Kyoto Guidelines.

The panellists are Professors Marketa Trimble (University of Nevada), Toshiyuki Kono (Kyushu University) and Axel Metzger (Humboldt University of Berlin). Professor Pedro de Miguel Asensio (University Complutense of Madrid) will moderate the session.

The suggested readings and the report on the session will be available on the Global Digital Encounters (GDE) website as time goes by.

The Encounter is offered free of charge, but registration is required. Register here now!

If you missed previous Encounters or you want to watch them again, click here.

Credit: The image is courtesy of FIDE.
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Tuesday, 24 August 2021

IPTango

TJCA e INTA: Primera Edición del Moot Court sobre Derecho Comunitario y Propiedad Intelectual en la Comunidad Andina


El Tribunal de Justicia de la Comunidad Andina (TJCA) y la Asociación Internacional de Marcas (INTA, por sus siglas en inglés) publicaron la convocatoria de la primera edición del Moot Court sobre Derecho Comunitario y Propiedad Intelectual en la Comunidad Andina.

El Moot Court es organizado por el TJCA e INTA, con el apoyo de la Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar (Sedes Ecuador y Central) y la Secretaría General de la Comunidad Andina.

Los equipos deberán integrarse por un mínimo de 2 a un máximo de 4 participantes, que sean alumnos de pregrado o hayan egresado hace un año (como máximo) de la carrera de Derecho de Universidades de los países miembros de la Comunidad Andina (CAN) o de otros países.

Los equipos podrán contar con un orientador (profesor universitario, profesional abogado o experto en la materia), quien los guiará durante la competencia. Todas las etapas del Moot Court se llevarán a cabo en español.

Los premios del primer lugar consisten en:
  • Acceso gratuito para asistir al Encuentro Anual de INTA 2022 (Annual Meeting) para todos los miembros del equipo ganador.
  • Prácticas virtuales en la Secretaría General de la Comunidad Andina (CAN – PRACTICAN) para todos los miembros del equipo ganador.
  • Un compendio de publicaciones del TJCA.
  • Un compendio de publicaciones de la Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar (Sede Ecuador).
  • Una beca del 50% en el pago de la colegiatura en la Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar (Sede Central).
Los premios del segundo lugar son:
  • Una pasantía en el TJCA (2 meses) para todos los miembros del equipo ganador.
  • Un compendio de publicaciones del TJCA.
  • Una beca del 50% en el pago de la colegiatura en la Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar  (Sede Central).
Los premios al mejor escrito consisten en un compendio de publicaciones de la Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar (Sede Ecuador) y un certificado de acreditación como mejor escrito.

Los premios al mejor orador son un descuento del 75% en el pago de la colegiatura de una maestría, investigación o curso de especialización en la Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar (Sede Ecuador), así como un certificado de acreditación como mejor orador.

La fecha límite para inscribirse es el 8 de septiembre de 2021 (GMT-5). La inscripción se realiza a través de la página de INTA, la cual está en inglés, pero el formulario está disponible en español.

Consulta aquí el Reglamento del Moot Court, aquí el Caso Ficticio y aquí el Cronograma.

Más información aquí.

Imagen de succo en Pixabay.
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Saturday, 14 August 2021

Verónica Rodríguez Arguijo

La OMPI y el Día Internacional de los Pueblos Indígenas


La Organización Mundial de la Propiedad Intelectual (OMPI) difundió algunas noticias en el marco del Día Internacional de los Pueblos Indígenas, que se celebra el 9 de agosto de cada año.


Ganadoras del Concurso de Relatos Cortos sobre el Ingenio y la Creatividad de los Pueblos Indígenas de la OMPI

Se anunciaron a las ganadoras del Concurso de Relatos Cortos sobre el Ingenio y la Creatividad de los Pueblos Indígenas de la OMPI. El Concurso estaba dirigido a miembros de pueblos indígenas y comunidades locales para que compartieran historias sobre sus conocimientos tradicionales (CC.TT.) y expresiones culturales tradicionales (ECT).
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Friday, 16 July 2021

Verónica Rodríguez Arguijo

CRT y Heineken ponen fin amistosamente a la disputa por el uso de la palabra “Tequila” en la cerveza Desperados


CRT (el Consejo Regulador del Tequila) anunció que la disputa legal por el uso de la palabra Tequila en la cerveza Desperados ha terminado.

En un video difundido el 13 de julio de 2021, Miguel Ángel Domínguez Morales (presidente del Consejo Regulador del Tequila) indicó que se ha llegado a un acuerdo amistoso con Heineken luego de que CRT iniciara varias acciones legales en la Unión Europea que involucraban el uso de la palabra Tequila en la cerveza Desperados.

Aunque los términos permanecen confidenciales, Miguel destacó que el acuerdo es beneficioso para ambas partes y que el Tequila continúa fuertemente protegido en la Unión Europea [su segundo mercado de exportación más grande después de Estados Unidos].

De acuerdo al comunicado de prensa, anualmente se exportan alrededor de 20 millones de litros a la Unión Europea, donde se encuentran disponibles más de 50 marcas de tequila*.

El Tequila está protegido en la Unión Europea de conformidad con el Acuerdo entre México y la Comunidad Europea sobre el reconocimiento mutuo y la protección de las denominaciones en el sector de las bebidas espirituosas de 1997, modificado en 2004 y 2020.
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Monday, 12 July 2021

IPTango

Encounter 14, Expanding business thanks to data economy: IP as a tool


On 15 July 2021, FIDE (Legal and Business Research Foundation) and TIPSA (Transatlantic Intellectual Property Academy) will hold the Encounter 14, Expanding business thanks to data economy: IP as a tool.

The panellists are Dominique Guellec (Observatory of Science and Technology), Professor Guido Noto La Diega (University of Stirling), and Professor Aurelio López-Tarruella (University of Alicante and member of the IPTango team).

The suggested readings and the report on the session will be available on the Global Digital Encounters (GDE) website as time goes by.

The Encounter is offered free of charge, but registration is required. Register here now!

If you missed previous Encounters or you want to watch them again, click here.

Credit: The image is courtesy of FIDE.

UPDATE 12 August 2021: the recording of Encounter 14 is available here. 
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Monday, 5 July 2021

IPTango

The Latin American Network of IP and Gender has been created


On 28 June 2021, it was announced the creation of the Latin American Network of Intellectual Property and Gender. For such purpose, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between INAPI (Chile), INDECOPI (Peru), RN (Costa Rica), SIC (Colombia) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO, as an honorary member).

The Network was conceived as a forum “to develop activities and promote the intellectual property at the regional level, with a gender perspective”.

The Latin American Network of Intellectual Property and Gender will facilitate the exchange of good practices, stats, and experiences between the Offices to close the gender gap and empower women in the region concerning innovation and entrepreneurship.

During the virtual signing ceremony of the MoU, the founding members expressed the desire that the entire region joins the Network to make a more significant impact.

The Network’s creation was discussed during the “III Sub-regional Meeting on Intellectual Property, Innovation and Gender Equality” in 2019. Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay participated in such a meeting.

Throughout 2020, the IP Offices of Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, and Peru held meetings with WIPO to follow up on the creation of the Network.

Sources: INAPI (Chile), INDECOPI (Peru) and RN (Costa Rica) websites.

Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay.
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Sunday, 4 July 2021

Verónica Rodríguez Arguijo

Registration is now open for the 4th Session of the WIPO Conversation on IP and Frontier Technologies!


As announced here, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) will hold the Fourth Session of the WIPO Conversation on Intellectual Property and Frontier Technologies (formerly WIPO Conversation on IP and AI) from 22 to 23 September 2021.

The theme of the fourth session is “Data – beyond AI in a fully interconnected world”. Registration is now open here!

The agenda and the information about the format (e.g., only virtual meeting) will be provided afterwards. However, it has been already confirmed that the session will be available online, including a “video on demand recording [that] will also be published in due course”.

Likewise, you can respond to the Frontier Technologies and Data Questionnaire to share insights into “the challenges and opportunities you see, your stories and your views”. The responses will help to shape the fourth session.

Furthermore, the IP and Frontiers Technologies web page was revamped in light of preparing the fourth session of the WIPO Conversation. Check it out!

If you have a craving for more WIPO on IP and AI, do not forget to review here a list of sources at the bottom of the article.

Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay.
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Thursday, 24 June 2021

Verónica Rodríguez Arguijo

Mercado Libre published its first Transparency Report


On 19 May 2021, Mercado Libre (MELI) published its first Transparency ReportMELI stated that the report’s purpose is “to make our policies and actions transparent to safeguard the security and privacy of over 74 million users in our entire regional ecosystem”.

The Transparency Report consists of three main sections: product security and quality, protection of IP rights, and privacy matters.

Read below some highlights of the report!

Section: Product security and quality

This section contains stats about removed content due to violations of MELI’s Terms and Conditions (T&C), which inter alia, prohibit certain items are sold on the platform (e.g., medicines, counterfeit items and other goods violating IP rights):

  • 331,607,978 listings were placed on the 18 MELI's websites as of 31 December 2020.
  • 18,570,436 listings were detected and moderated by MELI due to violation of its Listing and Prohibited Items Policies.
  • 112,424 listings were reported by users.
  • 65,180 listings were removed due to COVID-19 related matters.
  • Top 10 product categories regarding removed listings due to violation of MELI’s Listing and Prohibited Items Policies:

Product Category

Removed Listings

Courses

7,036,318

Medicine, health and/or beauty substances and products

1,386,243

E-books

1,337,862

Digital accounts & contents

1,278,420

Adult products

844,061

Personal databases

611,122

Decoders, antennas & signals

433,865

Personal documents

230,757

Tobacco & alike

215,817

Products & financial services

126,428


  • Top jurisdictions concerning detected listings due to violation of MELI’s Listing and Prohibited Items Policies:

Jurisdictions

Detected Listings

Brazil

13,283,854

Mexico

2,282,461

Colombia

1,371,060

Argentina

792,168

Chile

609,413

Uruguay

98,915

Peru

96,569

Rest of Latin America

35,996


  • In the report is highlighted that MELI uses machine learning technologies to detect infringing listings. In this sense, only 3.12% of the detected listings went back to the platform (reactivated ads).

Section: Protection of IP rights

This section contains stats regarding MELI’s Brand Protection Program (BPP), which “enable IPR holders to report infringing listings [via a Notice & Take Down -N&TD- procedure] in any of the 18 countries where Mercado Libre operates”.

  • 2,107,264 N&TDs were submitted.
  • 104,661 counter-notices were submitted.
  • The number of confirmed and not confirmed N&TDs:

Date

Confirmed N&TD

Not confirmed N&TD

2020-7

580,164

57,589

2020-8

396,225

46,558

2020-9

285,462

48,326

2020-10

333,046

26,757

2020-11

198,232

24,184

2020-12

92,568

23,035



Review the full Transparency Report here in English and here in Spanish.

Read here the interview IPTango held with Juan Cichero (Head of Brand Protection at MELI). Juan conversed about BPP, including the machine learning technologies used to detect infringing listings and the N&TD procedure.

Credit: Image is courtesy of Mercado Libre.

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