Welcome to our blog for Intellectual Property Law and Practice in Latin America!
¡Bienvenidos a nuestro blog de Derecho y Práctica de la Propiedad Intelectual en Latinoamérica!
Bem-vindo ao nosso blog sobre Direito e Prática de Propriedade Intelectual na América Latina!

Saturday, 7 May 2022

IPTango

Encounter 20: Standard Essential Patents


On 11 May 2022, FIDE (Legal and Business Research Foundation) and TIPSA (Transatlantic Intellectual Property Academy) will hold the Encounter 20: Standard Essential Patents.

The panellists are Claudia Tapia (Ericsson) and Igor Nikolic (European University Institute). Professor Laurent Manderieux (Bocconi University) will moderate the session.

The suggested readings and the report on the session will be available on the Global Digital Encounters (GDE) website as time goes by.

The Encounter is offered free of charge, but registration is required. Register here now!

If you missed previous Encounters or you want to watch them again, click here.

Credit: The image is courtesy of FIDE.
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Monday, 21 March 2022

Patricia Covarrubia

"Cómo proteger y promover su cultura – Derechos de autor"

    No comments:
La OMPI invita a su próximo seminario dictado ‘online’ en la web. El seminario será impartido en español y es basado en su publicación "Proteja y promueva su cultura: Guía práctica sobre la propiedad intelectual para los pueblos indígenas y las comunidades locales". 
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Thursday, 10 March 2022

Patricia Covarrubia

Creation of a Repository of Non-English IP Titles

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The IPKat blog is seeking to create a Repository of IP books written in languages other  than in English. Those of you who can suggest appropriate titles are encouraged to do so. More details on this initiative and the form for submitting your suggestions can be found here
Starfield Library, Seoul 2018 [by me ;)]

Amigos, el blog IPKat buscar crear un repositorio de libros de propiedad intellectual escritos en idiomas dsitintos al ingles. Se anima a aquellos de ustedes que puedan sugerir tituols apropriados a que lo hagan. Pueden encontrar mas detalles sonre esta iniciativa y el formulario para enviar sus sugerencias aqui. 





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Sunday, 6 February 2022

Verónica Rodríguez Arguijo

Tequila: finaliza la investigación bajo el Reglamento sobre obstáculos al comercio (TBR) de la UE


El 3 de febrero de 2022, la Comisión Europea anunció que finalizó formalmente su investigación sobre la denuncia referente a obstáculos al comercio en el sentido del Reglamento (UE) 2015/1843 (Reglamento sobre obstáculos al comercio, TBR en inglés) aplicados por México y consistentes en medidas que afectan la importación del Tequila. Consulta el anuncio aquí.

La denuncia

La denuncia había sido presentada por la Asociación de Cerveceros de Europa (The Brewers of Europe) debido a la decisión del Consejo Regulador del Tequila (CRT) de “ya no [conceder] certificados de exportación a … [TdS, una empresa] que produce y exporta «Tequila» …  [a una] filial de Heineken NV … [debido a que] la cerveza Desperados de Heineken (una cerveza con aroma de «Tequila» añadido) infringe la [Norma Oficial Mexicana] aplicable a la utilización de la Indicación Geográfica (IG)” Tequila.

Durante la primera etapa de la investigación de la Comisión, intervinieron 22 partes interesadas, “en su mayoría representantes de asociaciones velando por la protección de las indicaciones geográficas europeas”. En efecto, oriGIn solicitó a la Comisión el reconocimiento como parte interesada considerando las implicaciones de la disputa en cuanto a los principios de las IG.

De igual manera, el procedimiento de examen también fue discutido por el Parlamento Europeo (lea aquí la pregunta parlamentaria planteada a la Comisión Europa, y consulte aquí la respuesta, ambas en inglés).

En mayo de 2021, la Comisión Europea finalizó el procedimiento de examen de la medida aplicada por México que afecta las exportaciones del Tequila a la UE (consulta el reporte aquí). Se concluyó “que si bien la medida plantea preocupaciones sobre el cumplimiento de México respecto de las normas de la OMC, específicamente la prohibición de restricciones a la exportación, está sujeta a una serie de procedimientos administrativos pendientes que pueden conducir a la revocación o modificación de la medida. Por lo tanto, la Comisión continuará monitoreando el resultado de los distintos procedimientos y, dependiendo de su resultado, podrá reevaluar las acciones a emprender” (énfasis añadido).

En octubre de 2021, la Asociación de Cerveceros de Europa informó a la Comisión Europea que “la empresa de la UE afectada había encontrado una solución con las autoridades mexicanas, lo que permitió la eliminación de los supuestos obstáculos al comercio”. En consecuencia, retiraron la denuncia.

*El 7 de febrero de 2022, se publicó en el Diario Oficial de la Unión Europea, la Decisión de Ejecución (UE) 2022/161 de la Comisión de 3 de febrero de 2022 por la que se da por concluido el procedimiento de examen relativo a los obstáculos al comercio, en el sentido del Reglamento (UE) 2015/1843, aplicados por los Estados Unidos Mexicanos y consistentes en medidas que afectan a la importación de Tequila. Consulta aquí la Decisión de Ejecución. 

El retiro de la denuncia y la finalización de la investigación por parte de la Comisión Europea suceden al acuerdo amistoso entre CRT y Heineken, luego de que CRT iniciara varias acciones legales en la Unión Europea que involucraban el uso de la palabra Tequila en la cerveza Desperados. Consulta aquí mi reporte sobre el acuerdo amistoso al que llegaron las partes.

Créditos:
La imagen es cortesía de Dante Gbn.

*Artículo actualizado el 7 de febrero de 2022.
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Saturday, 5 February 2022

IPTango

BIICL course: Pharmaceuticals and Intellectual Property


The British Institute of International and Comparative Law (BIICL) will hold the online course Pharmaceuticals and Intellectual Property from 4 March to 13 May 2022.

The course consists of 10 sessions via Zoom. It is addressed to legal practitioners, students, and law academics interested in the link between public health and intellectual property.

The topics include inter alia pharmaceutical industry and national systems of innovation; intellectual property and product regulation; international intellectual property and trade law; access to medicines: from HIV/AIDS to COVID-19; and alternative pharmaceutical innovation models.

The trainers are Professors Graham Dutfield (University of Leeds) and Uma Suthersanen (Queen Mary University of London).

The course cost is £700. Discounts and scholarships are available. Applications for scholarships must be submitted before 11 February 2022.

More information here.

Credit: The image is courtesy of BIICL.

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Friday, 28 January 2022

Patricia Covarrubia

An exciting opportunity - PhD

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because it's worthy! Brunel University, 2011
Rudi Bekkers, Chair of Standardization and Intellectual Property, Eindhoven University of technology, the Netherlands, has sent me this great info:

We are hiring a PhD candidate on an exciting fully-funded project at Eindhoven University of Technology about the role of the state in knowledge creation for technical standards. Supervision team: Paul Wiegmann, Emilio Raiteri, Geerten van de Kaa (TU Delft), and myself. See here for details.

Do please check it out! and good luck! 

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Sunday, 16 January 2022

IPTango

Encounter 18: IP And Videogames


On 20 January 2022, FIDE (Legal and Business Research Foundation) and TIPSA (Transatlantic Intellectual Property Academy) will hold the Encounter 18: IP And Videogames.

The panellists are Andrea Rizzi (Queen Mary University London) and Alina Trapova (University of Nottingham). Carmelo Fontana (Google) will moderate the session.

The suggested readings and the report on the session will be available on the Global Digital Encounters (GDE) website as time goes by.

The Encounter is offered free of charge, but registration is required. Register here now!

If you missed previous Encounters or you want to watch them again, click here.

Credit: The image is courtesy of FIDE.
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Monday, 10 January 2022

Verónica Rodríguez Arguijo

[Guest Post] Mercado Libre’s second Transparency Report


IPTango is pleased to publish a guest post by Francisco Burguete, discussing the second Transparency Report published by Mercado Libre.

Mercado Libre (MELI) published its second Transparency Report, which covers data from January to June 2021 and includes a new section on user information requests (see here IPTango post on MELI’s first Transparency Report).

MELI emphasized that in the second report, “the scope of information available to users, authorities and civil society organizations has been expanded[, and for] the first time, information requests from authorities that are processed in compliance with the law are shared”.

Now, the Transparency Report comprises four main sections: user information requests (section one), product security and quality (section two), protection of IP rights (section three), and privacy matters (section four).


Product security and quality (Section 02)

This section contains information about removed content because of violations of MELI’s Terms and Conditions (T&C), such as offering prohibited items on the platform (e.g., items violating IP rights):

  • 267,461,670 listings were placed on MELI’s websites as of 30 June 2021 (compared to 331,607,978 listings in the first report).
  • 8,815,828 listings were detected and moderated by MELI due to violation of its Listing and Prohibited Items Policies (compared to 18,570,436 in the previous reporting period).
  • 53,173 listings were reported by users (compared to 112,424 in the previous report).
  • Top jurisdictions concerning detected listings regarding the violation of MELI’s Listing and Prohibited Items Policies:

Jurisdictions

Detected Listings (1st report, as of 31 December 2020)

Detected Listings (2nd report, as of 30 June 2021)

Brazil

13,283,854

4,013,453

Mexico

2,282,461

2,311,539

Colombia

1,371,060

1,240,494

Argentina

792,168

253,219

Chile

609,413

581,119

Uruguay

98,915

150,475

Peru

96,569

174,077

Rest of Latin America

35,996

91,452

  • Only 4.5% of detected listings were reactivated (compared to 3.12% of reactivated ads).
It should be noted that the second report contains the top main content infringing categories broken down per country. Meanwhile, the categories were classified only per product in the first report.


Protection of IP rights (Section 03)

In this section, MELI presents its Brand Protection Program (BPP), which “enable IPR holders to report infringing listings [via a Notice & Take Down -N&TD- procedure]”. MELI emphasized that they have developed “self-mapping tools, based on artificial intelligence, to “learn” from the notices received and proactively remove listings” that infringe IPRs.

  • 969,413 N&TDs were submitted (compared to 2,107,264 in the previous reporting period).
  • 56,432 counter-notices were submitted (compared to 104,661 in the first report).
  • The number of Proactive Detections and Confirmed Complaints:

Date

Proactive Detections

Confirmed Complaints

2021-1

1,322,070

159,409

2021-2

907,771

170,128

2021-3

1,558,342

206,285

2021-4

733,493

132,261

2021-5

760,860

117,082

2021-6

668,668

125,850


The English version of the second Transparency Report can be reviewed here. The Spanish version is available here.

In the past, IPTango interviewed Juan Cichero (Head of Brand Protection at MELI), who conversed about BPP, the N&TD procedure, and more. Read here the interview.

Credit: Image by athree23 from Pixabay.
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