Welcome to our blog for Intellectual Property Law and Practice in Latin America!
¡Bienvenidos a nuestro blog de Derecho y Práctica de la Propiedad Intelectual en Latinoamérica!
Bem-vindo ao nosso blog sobre Direito e Prática de Propriedade Intelectual na América Latina!

Friday, 16 July 2021

Verónica Rodríguez Arguijo

CRT y Heineken ponen fin amistosamente a la disputa por el uso de la palabra “Tequila” en la cerveza Desperados


CRT (el Consejo Regulador del Tequila) anunció que la disputa legal por el uso de la palabra Tequila en la cerveza Desperados ha terminado.

En un video difundido el 13 de julio de 2021, Miguel Ángel Domínguez Morales (presidente del Consejo Regulador del Tequila) indicó que se ha llegado a un acuerdo amistoso con Heineken luego de que CRT iniciara varias acciones legales en la Unión Europea que involucraban el uso de la palabra Tequila en la cerveza Desperados.

Aunque los términos permanecen confidenciales, Miguel destacó que el acuerdo es beneficioso para ambas partes y que el Tequila continúa fuertemente protegido en la Unión Europea [su segundo mercado de exportación más grande después de Estados Unidos].

De acuerdo al comunicado de prensa, anualmente se exportan alrededor de 20 millones de litros a la Unión Europea, donde se encuentran disponibles más de 50 marcas de tequila*.

El Tequila está protegido en la Unión Europea de conformidad con el Acuerdo entre México y la Comunidad Europea sobre el reconocimiento mutuo y la protección de las denominaciones en el sector de las bebidas espirituosas de 1997, modificado en 2004 y 2020.
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Monday, 12 July 2021

IPTango

Encounter 14, Expanding business thanks to data economy: IP as a tool


On 15 July 2021, FIDE (Legal and Business Research Foundation) and TIPSA (Transatlantic Intellectual Property Academy) will hold the Encounter 14, Expanding business thanks to data economy: IP as a tool.

The panellists are Dominique Guellec (Observatory of Science and Technology), Professor Guido Noto La Diega (University of Stirling), and Professor Aurelio López-Tarruella (University of Alicante and member of the IPTango team).

The suggested readings and the report on the session will be available on the Global Digital Encounters (GDE) website as time goes by.

The Encounter is offered free of charge, but registration is required. Register here now!

If you missed previous Encounters or you want to watch them again, click here.

Credit: The image is courtesy of FIDE.
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Monday, 5 July 2021

IPTango

The Latin American Network of IP and Gender has been created


On 28 June 2021, it was announced the creation of the Latin American Network of Intellectual Property and Gender. For such purpose, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between INAPI (Chile), INDECOPI (Peru), RN (Costa Rica), SIC (Colombia) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO, as an honorary member).

The Network was conceived as a forum “to develop activities and promote the intellectual property at the regional level, with a gender perspective”.

The Latin American Network of Intellectual Property and Gender will facilitate the exchange of good practices, stats, and experiences between the Offices to close the gender gap and empower women in the region concerning innovation and entrepreneurship.

During the virtual signing ceremony of the MoU, the founding members expressed the desire that the entire region joins the Network to make a more significant impact.

The Network’s creation was discussed during the “III Sub-regional Meeting on Intellectual Property, Innovation and Gender Equality” in 2019. Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay participated in such a meeting.

Throughout 2020, the IP Offices of Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, and Peru held meetings with WIPO to follow up on the creation of the Network.

Sources: INAPI (Chile), INDECOPI (Peru) and RN (Costa Rica) websites.

Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay.
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Sunday, 4 July 2021

Verónica Rodríguez Arguijo

Registration is now open for the 4th Session of the WIPO Conversation on IP and Frontier Technologies!


As announced here, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) will hold the Fourth Session of the WIPO Conversation on Intellectual Property and Frontier Technologies (formerly WIPO Conversation on IP and AI) from 22 to 23 September 2021.

The theme of the fourth session is “Data – beyond AI in a fully interconnected world”. Registration is now open here!

The agenda and the information about the format (e.g., only virtual meeting) will be provided afterwards. However, it has been already confirmed that the session will be available online, including a “video on demand recording [that] will also be published in due course”.

Likewise, you can respond to the Frontier Technologies and Data Questionnaire to share insights into “the challenges and opportunities you see, your stories and your views”. The responses will help to shape the fourth session.

Furthermore, the IP and Frontiers Technologies web page was revamped in light of preparing the fourth session of the WIPO Conversation. Check it out!

If you have a craving for more WIPO on IP and AI, do not forget to review here a list of sources at the bottom of the article.

Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay.
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Thursday, 24 June 2021

Verónica Rodríguez Arguijo

Mercado Libre published its first Transparency Report


On 19 May 2021, Mercado Libre (MELI) published its first Transparency ReportMELI stated that the report’s purpose is “to make our policies and actions transparent to safeguard the security and privacy of over 74 million users in our entire regional ecosystem”.

The Transparency Report consists of three main sections: product security and quality, protection of IP rights, and privacy matters.

Read below some highlights of the report!

Section: Product security and quality

This section contains stats about removed content due to violations of MELI’s Terms and Conditions (T&C), which inter alia, prohibit certain items are sold on the platform (e.g., medicines, counterfeit items and other goods violating IP rights):

  • 331,607,978 listings were placed on the 18 MELI's websites as of 31 December 2020.
  • 18,570,436 listings were detected and moderated by MELI due to violation of its Listing and Prohibited Items Policies.
  • 112,424 listings were reported by users.
  • 65,180 listings were removed due to COVID-19 related matters.
  • Top 10 product categories regarding removed listings due to violation of MELI’s Listing and Prohibited Items Policies:

Product Category

Removed Listings

Courses

7,036,318

Medicine, health and/or beauty substances and products

1,386,243

E-books

1,337,862

Digital accounts & contents

1,278,420

Adult products

844,061

Personal databases

611,122

Decoders, antennas & signals

433,865

Personal documents

230,757

Tobacco & alike

215,817

Products & financial services

126,428


  • Top jurisdictions concerning detected listings due to violation of MELI’s Listing and Prohibited Items Policies:

Jurisdictions

Detected Listings

Brazil

13,283,854

Mexico

2,282,461

Colombia

1,371,060

Argentina

792,168

Chile

609,413

Uruguay

98,915

Peru

96,569

Rest of Latin America

35,996


  • In the report is highlighted that MELI uses machine learning technologies to detect infringing listings. In this sense, only 3.12% of the detected listings went back to the platform (reactivated ads).

Section: Protection of IP rights

This section contains stats regarding MELI’s Brand Protection Program (BPP), which “enable IPR holders to report infringing listings [via a Notice & Take Down -N&TD- procedure] in any of the 18 countries where Mercado Libre operates”.

  • 2,107,264 N&TDs were submitted.
  • 104,661 counter-notices were submitted.
  • The number of confirmed and not confirmed N&TDs:

Date

Confirmed N&TD

Not confirmed N&TD

2020-7

580,164

57,589

2020-8

396,225

46,558

2020-9

285,462

48,326

2020-10

333,046

26,757

2020-11

198,232

24,184

2020-12

92,568

23,035



Review the full Transparency Report here in English and here in Spanish.

Read here the interview IPTango held with Juan Cichero (Head of Brand Protection at MELI). Juan conversed about BPP, including the machine learning technologies used to detect infringing listings and the N&TD procedure.

Credit: Image is courtesy of Mercado Libre.

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Wednesday, 23 June 2021

Verónica Rodríguez Arguijo

WIPO Lex – Sentencias: ¡Se han agregado más jurisdicciones a la base de datos mundial gratuita sobre sentencias judiciales!


El 10 de junio de 2021, la Organización Mundial de la Propiedad Intelectual (OMPI) anunció que 4 jurisdicciones han sido agregadas a la base de datos gratuita WIPO Lex - Sentencias, la cual contiene resoluciones judiciales sobre cuestiones de propiedad intelectual de diversos países.

Con la adición* de la Comunidad Andina, Estados Unidos de América, Filipinas y Lituania, así como las resoluciones añadidas** de otros países ya contemplados, por el momento, la base de datos contiene casi 800 resoluciones de las siguientes catorce jurisdicciones:


WIPO Lex - Sentencias se puso en marcha el 24 de septiembre de 2020 y está disponible en español, inglés, árabe, chino, francés y ruso.

Se puede acceder a la base de datos a través del portal WIPO LEX, el cual ya contiene diversas leyes y tratados en materia de propiedad intelectual de todo el mundo.

¡Lee aquí mi reporte sobre WIPO Lex - Sentencias el cual incluye información respecto a sus características, perfiles de las jurisdicciones, criterios de búsqueda y más!

Fuentes: boletín de noticias de la OMPI y WIPO Lex - Sentencias.

Crédito: imagen de Gerd Altmann en Pixabay.

Parte de esta publicación está adaptada de un artículo anterior publicado en IPTango y su versión en inglés en el blog The IPKat.
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Friday, 18 June 2021

IPTango

[Guest Post] The Brazilian Supreme Court defines the effects of the decision declaring the unconstitutionality of the sole paragraph of article 40 of the Industrial Property Law


IPTango is pleased to publish a guest post by Pedro Matheus and Leonardo Cordeiro (Gruenbaum, Possinhas & Teixeira), discussing the modulation of the effects of the decision declaring the unconstitutionality of the sole paragraph of article 40 of the Industrial Property Law of Brazil. Read here their post on the Direct Action for the Declaration of Unconstitutionality of such provision.


On 12 May 2021, the Supreme Court defined the modulation of the effects of the decision that declared the unconstitutionality of the sole paragraph of article 40 of the Industrial Property Law (LPI).

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Thursday, 17 June 2021

IPTango

Encounter 13: Intangible Cultural Heritage And IP


On 18 June 2021, FIDE (Legal and Business Research Foundation) and TIPSA (Transatlantic Intellectual Property Academy) will hold the Encounter 13: Intangible Cultural Heritage And IP.

The panellists are Professor Harriet Deacon (Coventry University), Professor Dr. Tuomas Mattila (University of Helsinki), Alexander Parra Peña (Artesanías de Colombia) and Professor Benedetta Ubertazzi (Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicoca).

The suggested readings and the report on the session will be available on the Global Digital Encounters (GDE) website as time goes by.

The Encounter is offered free of charge, but registration is required. Register here now!

If you missed previous Encounters or you want to watch them again, click here.

Credit: The image is courtesy of FIDE.

UPDATE 5 July 2021: the recording of Encounter 13 is available here. 
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Monday, 14 June 2021

IPTango

¡Mañana inicia la Conferencia “El Nuevo Mundo de las Marcas: Latinoamérica”!


Como se anunció aquí, el Centro de Lucha contra la Falsificación y Protección de Productos (Centro A-CAPP) de la Universidad Estatal de Michigan, está organizando la conferencia El Nuevo Mundo de las Marcas: Latinoamérica, la cual se llevará a cabo de forma virtual del 15 al 17 de Junio de 2021.

La conferencia abordará los problemas de protección de marcas en Latinoamérica. Las sesiones principales se realizarán en español, inglés y portugués.

Los temas de las sesiones son los siguientes:
  • Estrategias para marcas que quieren colaborar con autoridades locales en la lucha contra la falsificación.
  • Zonas de libre comercio y protección de marcas: mejores prácticas.
  • Comercio electrónico y falsificaciones: cooperación transnacional.
  • Intersecciones entre la falsificación y los vínculos del crimen organizado.
  • Decomiso de mercancías falsificadas por Aduanas: seguimiento, destrucción de mercancías.
  • Impacto del COVID en la protección de marcas y la aplicación de la PI.

El programa y la lista completa de ponentes están disponibles aquí.

La conferencia no tiene ningún costo, pero es necesario registrarse. De igual manera, el registro es necesario para acceder a las grabaciones de las sesiones (en caso de que no puedas unirte a las mismas o desees verlas de nuevo).

El Nuevo Mundo de las Marcas: Latinoamérica es una serie de conferencias virtuales gratuitas “sobre cuestiones de protección de marcas después de la pandemia, mirando hacia el futuro". La primera serie se llevó a cabo en 2020, abordando cuestiones de protección de marcas y la lucha contra la falsificación. La conferencia incluyó ponentes de la industria, academia, fuerzas del orden y gobierno.

Si no te has registrado, ¡hazlo aquí ahora!

Consulta aquí más información sobre la conferencia.

La imagen es cortesía del Centro A-CAPP.
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IPTango

The Chilean Senate approved the bill to join the Madrid Protocol


On 19 May 2021, the Chilean Senate approved the bill to join the Madrid Protocol.

As reported here, first, the bill was discussed and approved by the Chamber of Deputies on 14 January 2021. Then, it was sent to the Senate for its approval.

The Madrid Protocol is administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). The Treaty establishes an international system that facilities the registration and management of trademarks in the countries of its Contracting Parties.

The Madrid Protocol will enter into force in Chile after the respective promulgation and that the instrument of accession is deposited with WIPO.

Review here more information about the Madrid Protocol.

Sources: INAPI and Chilean Senate websites.
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